Former Chelsea defender Alex has been forced to retire from football after suffering a knee injury.
The 34-year-old Brazilian, who also spent time at AC Milan and Paris Saint-Germain, has been without a club since leaving the San Siro in the summer.
“I’m retiring, I made the decision with my family,” Alex toldGloboesporte.
“I would need to have surgery and then it would take nine months to come back. I just couldn’t put up with that pain.”
Alex, who also played for AC Milan and Paris Saint-Germain, has been without a club since leaving the Italian side last summer.
Alex joined Chelsea from Santos in 2004 and spent the next three years on loan with PSV Eindhoven where he won three straight Eredivisie titles.
He finally moved to Stamford Bridge in 2007 and won the Premier League, two FA Cups and helped the Blues reach the Champions League final in 2008.
PSG forked out £4.2million in 2012 to bring the star to the French capital, where he added to his medal haul by winning the Ligue 1 title before departing for the San Siro two years later.
He won 17 caps for the Samba Boys and lifted the 2007 Copa America.